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Dental diseases are very frequent in rabbits. If they are not treated, they can lead to dental abscesses. The main etiology is a lack of fibers in the rabbit’s diet. This lack of fibers does not allow a good abrasion of the teeth and lead to malocclusion. The clinical signs could be systemic (dysorexia, anorexia, depression) or more specific signs (ptyalism, mass on the jaws, exophthalmia). If the diagnosis is relatively straightforward, imaging is necessary to be able to find the tooth or the teeth which are responsible of the abscess. The treatment consists in removing the infected tooth (or teeth), open and flush the abscess, and antibiotics medication chosen according to the culture and sensitivity of the bacteria involved.
Charly Pignon has graduated in 2005 from Alfort National Veterinary School (France) and did his veterinary thesis on a wildlife conservation project in Cambodia. Then he worked in the wildlife rescue center in Alfort and worked in Paris Zoo (la Ménagerie du Jardin des Plantes). In 2009, Charly Pignon completed an Exotic Medicine Internship at Tufts University and when he came back to France he created the Exotic Medicine Service in Alfort National Veterinary School. Charly Pignon is a Diplomate of the European College of Zoological Medicine (Small mammals), and a board member of Yaboumba (French association for continuing education in exotic and wild animals). His current field of research are ear surgeries and orthopedic surgeries in small mammals, and blood transfusion in ferrets.
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